Types of Ankle Sprains, Symptoms and Treatments

Types of Ankle Sprains, Symptoms and Treatments

The ankle sprain is the most common orthopedic injury. There are essentially three kinds of ankle sprain: inversion injuries, eversion injuries, and high-ankle sprains (syndesmotic injuries). The inversion type sprain is by far the most common. It’s caused by the foot rolling inwards beyond its normal range of motion.

Signs and symptoms of ankle sprain:

  • Pain and tenderness.
  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Cold or numbness in the foot
  • Inability to bear weight on the joint
  • Stiffness

Initial Treatments: RICE

  • Rest
  • Ice; for the first 48-72 hours or until swelling goes down, apply ice for 10-20min every 1-2 hours per day.
  • Compression; Elastic wrap (Ace wrap)to be worn for the 24-36 hours. Do not wrap elastic wrap too tight.
  • Elevation; Raise your ankle above your heart level 2-2 hours per day. Elevation will help with swelling and bruising.

In extreme pain be non-weight wearing on the injured ankle. See your foot and ankle specialists right away to have your ankle evaluated to see if you have strained, sprained fractured your ankle.

We treat all foot and ankle ailments in Phoenix, Scottsdale, Paradise Valley, Peoria, Tempe, Glendale. To make an appointment with your Foot & Ankle Specialists call 480-253-9996 or visit us at www.phxfootankle.com.


Dr. Sana received his Doctor of Podiatric Medicine degree at the New York College of Podiatric Medicine, receiving top-notch Podiatric medical training at affiliated teaching hospitals and clinics in Manhattan, NY. Thereafter, he completed a three-year Podiatric Surgical Residency at world renowned Mount Sinai Medical Center, in Manhattan, NY. During his residency, Dr. Sana received extensive training in wound care, diabetic limb salvage, management of emergency trauma and complicated foot infections. He was trained by more than twenty podiatric surgeons and foot and ankle orthopedists in the diagnosis and treatment of foot and ankle conditions, with extensive training in both conservative and surgical management. Dr. Sana has been recognized as "Top Doc" by Phoenix Magazine for 2017.